Managing Perimenopause Symptoms
Menopause Relief in San Francisco, CA
Perimenopause is a time where a woman’s body is going through natural changes in levels of estrogen and progesterone. This change in hormones can cause hot flashes, mood swings, sleep problems, bone loss and problems with concentration.
Dr. Leslie Kardos is board-certified and has over 25 years of experience treating women experiencing symptoms of perimenopause. Learn more and call (415) 426-7859 to schedule your appointment with Dr. Kardos today!
Stages of Menopause
Menopause typically begins when a woman reaches her 40s or 50s. Symptoms may be more pronounced at the beginning of the process and can last a few years.
Perimenopause is the stage that occurs several years before a woman reaches menopause. The body begins to make less of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. During this time, patients may experience the start of symptoms that will continue through menopause. If more than 60 days elapse in between menstruation, this may be a sign that a woman is nearing the end of perimenopause.
The severity of symptoms and how long they last during menopause varies for each woman. The most common signs of menopause include:
When nearing menopause, periods may become irregular in regard to how often it occurs, how long it lasts, and how heavy it is. Certain medications, including birth control, can help make your period more regular.
Hot flashes and night sweats
Hot flashes are the most frequent symptom of menopause and can result in a feeling of heat, a flushed face or neck, or sweating. Many women experience night sweats, which are hot flashes that come on during the night and can make it difficult to sleep. Avoiding certain triggers of hot flashes can help, like stress, caffeine, alcohol, spicy foods, or tight clothing.
Changes in mood and memory
The changes in hormones can cause changes in your mood and can worsen existing anxiety or depression. Forgetfulness can stem from this additional stress. Women should contact a doctor if they have been feeling down for an extended period of time or think they are forgetting things too often.
The skin around the vagina can become drier during and after menopause because of the drop in estrogen levels, which can cause sex to be painful.
Postmenopause is the period after menopause when a woman hasn’t had her period for 12 months. The symptoms related to menopause gradually improve for most women. However, because of the lower level of estrogen, postmenopausal women are at an increased risk of certain health problems, including osteoporosis and heart disease. It’s important to continue to see your OBGYN for routine exams and tests even after menopause.
How to Manage Symptoms
Here are a few tips to ease the symptoms of menopause and perimenopause:
- Exercise more often – Exercising for at least 20 minutes, three days a week eases hot flashes by decreasing hormones.
- Make lifestyle changes – Decreasing alcohol and caffeine intake can help with depression and mood swings.
- Try vaginal estrogen cream – Certain creams can give you a slight dose of estrogen, eliminating pain and discomfort during intercourse.
- Change your diet – Adding more fruits and vegetables into your diet while following a low calorie, low fat diet can lessen the symptoms of menopause.
Schedule Your Menopause Management in San Francisco, CA
Dr. Leslie Kardos provides care for women in perimenopausal and menopausal periods. Call our women’s health clinic in San Francisco to make an appointment today! You can also request an appointment online.